In this post, I would like to share a .PCAP file of a TACACS+ TCP stream. This file was captured in a lab environment and is for educational purposes only.
TACACS+ communication is encrypted by default so I have included the TACACS+ key so that you can see the decrypted information.
Download link: https://blog.synack.co.uk/download/pcap-tacacs-pcap-file/
Let me explain a little about the capture…
- We can see the initial TCP 3-way handshake occurs from a source of 10.1.1.1 with a destination port of 49 (TACACS+). The device starts by sending an SYN request to 10.1.1.10.
- Device 10.1.1.10 responds with a source port of 49 to destination 10.1.1.1 with a TCP SYN-ACK
- 10.1.1.1 receives the SYN-ACK and responds with an ACK
- After the TCP 3-way handshake has finished, device 10.1.1.1 sends a TACACS+ authentication request. At this stage, you can use the key to decrypted and analyse the TACACS+ communication. We can see that a user: synack has sent a login authentication request to 10.1.1.10.
- Device 10.1.1.10 sends an acknowledgement and then sends a TACACS+ packet back to 10.1.1.1. Once this TACACS+ message is decrypted we can see that the TACACS+ server has now asked for a password for user: synack.
- Device 10.1.1.1 sends an acknowledgement to say that is has received the request for the password.
- Device 10.1.1.1 then sends the password: Password1 back to the TACACS+ server
- The TACACS+ server responds with an authentication passed. This means that the user: synack has now been authenticated
- The TCP session is now torn down with the device 10.1.1.1 sending a FIN-ACK